Marines, also known as a marine corps and naval infantry, are an infantry force that specializes in the support of naval and army operations on land and at sea, as well as the execution of their own operations. In the majority of countries, the marine force is part of the navy, but it can also be under the army like the Troupes de marine (French Marines) and Givati Brigade (Israeli Marines), or form an independent armed service branch like the United States Marine Corps and Royal Marines.
Historically, tasks undertaken by marines have included providing protection from war while at sea, reflecting the pressed nature of the ships' company and the risk of mutiny. Other tasks would include boarding of vessels during combat or capture of prize ships and providing manpower for raiding ashore in support of the naval objectives.
With the industrialization of warfare in the 20th century the scale of landing operations increased; this brought with it an increased likelihood of opposition and a need for co-ordination of various military elements. Marine forces evolved to specialize in the skills and capabilities required for amphibious warfare.
The first CRYPTO was held in 1981. It was the first major conference on cryptology, and was all the more important because relations between government, industry and academia were rather tense. Encryption was considered a very sensitive subject and the coming together of delegates from different countries was unheard-of at the time. The initiative for the formation of the IACR came during CRYPTO '82, and CRYPTO '83 was the first IACR sponsored conference.
Cryptosporidium (Furon) Cryptosporidium, (also known as simply just "Crypto" for short), is the main protagonist of the entire franchise. He is part of an alien species known as Furons, he is also an anti-hero who enjoys wreaking havoc, destroying and most certainly humiliating the Earth's population and he speaks with an extremely slow and monotone voice. He is known to have a best friend/ally personality with Pox, although he does not like to admit it and enjoys pushing his buttons. He is also known to be an alcoholic, a gambler, a smoker and many other qualities of the sort. His name comes from the Cryptosporidiumprotist. Crypto's commanding officer is Orthopox 13, who usually gives him his missions. Sometimes, Crypto talks with a variety of wise-cracking remarks. Voiced by J. Grant Albrecht and Sean Donnellan (in Big Willy Unleashed). In the Japanese version, he is voiced by Kappei Yamaguchi.